Sule Pagoda

    The Sule Pagoda is an excellent landmark. It is said to be over 2,000 years old and contains a hair given by the Buddha to two Burmese merchants. Located on a roundabout in downtown Yangon. The golden pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape continues right up to the bell and inverted bowl. It is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar non-religious services such as of astrologists, palmists, and so on.

    Mandalay

    Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. Located 445 miles north of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, the city has a population of one million, and is the capital of Mandalay Region.

    Agriculture

    The major agricultural product is rice, which covers about 60% of the country’s total cultivated land area. Rice accounts for 97% of total food grain production by weight. Through collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute 52 modern rice varieties were released in the country between 1966 and 1997, helping increase national rice production to 14 million tons in 1987 and to 19 million tons in 1996. By 1988, modern varieties were planted on half of the country’s ricelands, including 98 percent of the irrigated areas.

    U Bein Bridge

    U Bein Bridge is a crossing that spans the Taungthaman Lake near Amarapura in Myanmar. The 1.2-kilometre (0.75 mi) bridge was built around 1850 and is believed to be the oldest and longest teakwood bridge in the world. Construction began when the capital of Ava Kingdom moved to Amarapura, and the bridge is named after the mayor who had it built. It is used as an important passageway for the local people and has also become a tourist attraction and therefore a significant source of income for souvenir sellers. It is particularly busy during July and August when the lake is at its highest.

    Bagan

    Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Burma. From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar.

    Ngapali Beach

    Ngapali Beach is a beach located 7 kilometres (4 mi) from the town of Thandwe (Sandoway), in Rakhine State, Myanmar. It is the most famous beach in Myanmar and is a popular tourist destination. Myanmar’s political climate means that Ngapali is not as well publicized as other good beaches of Southeast Asia.

    Myanmar Lacquerware

    Yun-de is lacquerware in Myanmar, and the art is called Pan yun. The lacquer is the sap tapped from the varnish tree Melanorrhoea usitatissima or Thitsee that grows wild in the forests of Myanmar (formerly Burma). It is straw-coloured but turns black on exposure to air. When brushed in or coated on, it forms a hard glossy smooth surface resistant to a degree effects of exposure to moisture or heat.

    Lahpet, Burmese Tea Leaf Salad

    Lahpet, also spelled laphet is Burmese for fermented or pickled tea. Burma is one of very few countries where tea is eaten as well as drunk. Its pickled tea is unique in the region, and is not only regarded as the national delicacy but plays a significant role in Burmese society. Its place in the cuisine of Myanmar is reflected by the following popular expression: “Of all the fruit, the mango’s the best; of all the meat, the pork’s the best; and of all the leaves, lahpet’s the best”.

    ABOUT MYANMAR

    The Union of Myanmar, also known as Burma, formed with 7 states and 7 divisions is situated in South East Asia. The largest country by geographical area in Indochina is bordered by China, Laos, Thailand, Bangladesh, India and the Bay of Bengal to the south-west with the Andaman Sea defining its southern periphery. One-third of Burma’s total perimeter, 1,930 kilometers (1,200 mi), forms an uninterrupted coastline.

    The denizens of Myanmar are made up of over 100 ethnic groups and the major ethnic groups are Burma, Kachin, Chin, Kayin, Kayah, Mon, akhine and Shan. In each, there are sub-groups that speak different languages. The Burma is the largest group forming 70% of the total population of 60.28 million. Second largest majority is the Shan, 9% and the third is Kayin, 6%.

    Geography

    Myanmar, which has a total area of 676,578 square kilometers (261,227 sq mi), is the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia, and the 40th-largest in the world. It is bordered to the northwest by Cittagong Division of Bangladesh, Manipura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh of India to the northwest. It shares its longest borders with Tibet to the north and Yunnan of China to the northeast for a total of 2,185 kilometers +(1,358 mi). It is bounded by Laos and Thailand to the southeast. Burma has 1,930 kilometers (1,200 mi) of contiguous coastline along the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea to the southwest and the south, which forms one quarter of its total perimeter.

    The topography of Myanmar can roughly be divided into three parts: the Western Hill Region, the Central Valley Region and the Eastern Hill Region. The Himalayan Range has a link with Myanmar and is known as the Western Yoma that runs to the South, the country’s highest point at the 5,881 m (19,295 ft) Hkakabo Razi. The Western Yoma Range serves as a well that separates Myanmar fro India. The Central Valley Region consists of the broadest valley of the Ayeyarwaddy. The Eastern Hill Region is the Shan Plateau.

    The Irrawaddy River, flows for more than 2,000 km through Myanmar, before fanning out in a delta on the south coast. Yangon stands beside one of its many mouths. Central Myanmar is dominated by the Irrawaddy basin which is shielded by the Rakhine, Chin and Naga Mountains and the Patkai Hills to the west, the Kachin Hills to the north, and the Shan Plateau to the east – which include peaks rising to over 3,000m, influencing the local climate. The river’s valley and delta are considered one of the most fertile agricultural regions in Asia. Fruit, vegetables and citrus crops grow abundantly on the Shan Plateau. Forest covers more than 50% of Myanmar’s land area.

    Population

    Population of the country is estimated at 60.28 million. Roughly three quarters of the population are rural inhabitants, with the remaining population living in urban Yangon, Mandalay and Moulmein. About two thirds of Myanmar’s population is Burman (ethnically close to Tibetans and Chinese) with other minorities making up the other third.

    Religion

    Myanmar is a predominantly Buddhist country with Buddhism of the Theravada school being practiced by nearly 90% of the population. Buddhism has a great influence on the daily lives of people in Myanmar, easily seen in the respect shown to elders and the devotion shown to the Buddha at the many pagodas throughout the country. However, there are also significant population of Christians (6 %), Muslims (4 %), and Hindus (nearly 1%) and Animists in many areas.

    Language

    Myanmar language is the official and the majority of the people, approximately 65% of the population speak this language. And also there are many different ethnic groups with their own language and 107 languages are spoken in all over the country. English is widely understood.

    People

    Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects. The major races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine, and Shan. The name Myanmar embraces all the ethnic groups.

    Local Timezone

    Myanmar’s Standard time is UTC+0630 of GMT. During the months from November until March, sunset is always around 17:30.